Immigration Attorney Long Island

New Guidance From ICE and What It Means for Immigrants

Last Friday, the principal legal advisor of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) released new written guidance that many immigrants and their advocates have been waiting for.  This article focuses on the major changes that will affect immigrants.

Under the Trump administration, effectively anyone encountered by ICE was considered a priority for enforcement and removal. In February 2021 an ICE memorandum identified three categories of cases that should be enforcement and removal priorities for ICE personnel.

  1. National Security – A noncitizen who has engaged in or is suspected of terrorism or espionage. 
  2. Border Security – A noncitizen who was apprehended at the border or a port of entry while attempting to unlawfully enter the United States on or after November 1, 2020. 
  3. Public Safety – A noncitizen who has been convicted of an “aggravated felon” as defined in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) section 101(a)(43), or who has been convicted of an offense for which an element was active participation in a criminal gang, as defined in 18 U.S.C. section 521(a), or who is not younger than 16 years of age and intentionally participated in an organized criminal gang and is determined to pose a threat to public safety. *

*This change regarding the third category is very significant.  Many immigrants have been convicted of crimes that were a long time ago, perhaps over 20 years ago, but are persons who have not been arrested thereafter.  The fact that persons can demonstrate that they are not a current threat to public safety despite the prior criminal history is a welcome and humane change from all prior practice.

One of the most exciting (and arguably, important) benefits of the Biden administration’s policy changes and this memoranda in particular comes in the form of reinstating Prosecutorial Discretion (PD). PD gives an agency official authority to decide how to enforce, and whether or not to enforce, the law against an individual. PD is beneficial not only for noncitizens but for the government as well because it allows ICE’s limited resources to be expended on priority cases.  PD is something that for all practical purposes was eliminated for the past four years.  However, PD has been expanded in 2021 beyond what it ever was.

PD is now expected to be exercised at all stages of the enforcement process. For example, ICE agents can now choose not to issue a Notice to Appear (NTA).  An NTA is the document that puts immigrants in removal proceedings before the Immigration Court. This memo indicates that, under the right circumstances, people who are not amongst the three priorities listed above (national security, border security, public security) should not be before an immigration judge. 

One of the most important ways that PD will benefit people before the Immigration Court is via administrative closure. Former President Trump’s Attorney General eliminated administrative closure.  This memorandum clearly states that administrative closure is lawful and will be utilized in a number of situations.  Perhaps most significantly, the memo notes that it should be used when a noncitizen qualifies for a provisional waiver of unlawful presence.

However, the memorandum notes that removal proceedings should be dismissed without prejudice for many people.  This includes people likely to be granted temporary or permanent relief.  An example of temporary relief is TPS (Temporary Protected Status).  Examples of permanent relief are those who clearly qualify for permanent residence via an approved family-based petition or Special Immigrant Juvenile (SIJ) application.  Administrative closure also allows for the dismissal of removal proceedings for “compelling humanitarian factors” in a variety of situations.  Two of many examples are for health reasons and having entered the United States as a young child.  Though there are other scenarios where ICE will dismiss removal proceedings, these are the most common scenarios.

Another welcome change is that ICE will now often agree to Joint Motions to Reopen.  Over my 25 years of practicing immigration law, this was a common practice in all prior Presidential administrations, though some administrations were stricter than others.  However, for all practical purposes, ICE refused to join in any motions to reopen under the Trump administration.  Joint Motions to Reopen are used for people with removal/deportation orders who now qualify for relief.  Our office has successfully reopened removal/deportation orders for countless clients after demonstrating not only that they qualify for relief, but that the immigrant is deserving of the relief in the exercise of discretion.

Similarly, if an immigrant with an outstanding removal (or deportation) order is apprehended by ICE, noncitizens can have their attorney ask for a stay of removal allowing the person to remain above by demonstrating that the immigrant is not amongst the three priorities listed above.  Our office has successfully helped many clients be released from ICE custody by demonstrating that the immigrant is deserving of the relief in the exercise of discretion.

It is important that you retain an attorney who specializes in immigration law to help guide you through this complex process, but this process now has more likelihood of success.  Speed in retaining an attorney will sometimes be important, particularly when someone has been apprehended and (a) ICE is deciding whether to place the immigrant before the Immigration Court or (b) when the immigrant has a final order of removal. 

El gobernador del estado de Nueva York, Cuomo, firmó la ley “Protect our Courts”

Ayer, el gobernador del estado de Nueva York, Cuomo, firmó la ley “Protect our Courts.” Esta importante legislación prohíbe a ICE arrestar a acusados, miembros de familias y testigos a menos que presenten una orden judicial firmada por un juez. (ICE generalmente presenta órdenes administrativas firmadas por un supervisor de ICE. No serán aceptables. Del mismo modo, aunque las personas tienen que abrir la puerta cuando ICE llega a su casa con una orden firmada por un juez, pueden negarse a abrir la puerta cuando se presenta una orden administrativa firmada por un supervisor de ICE). Esto también incluye cuando las personas van y vienen de los tribunales. Por lo tanto, las personas no deben temer ir a los tribunales del estado de Nueva York simplemente porque carecen de estatus migratorio o tienen una orden de expulsión de la Corte de Inmigración.


Governor Cuomo signed the “Protect our Courts” Act

Yesterday, New York State Governor Cuomo signed the “Protect our Courts” Act. This important legislation prohibits ICE from arresting any defendants, family members and witnesses unless they present a warrant signed by a Judge. (ICE usually presents administrative warrants that are signed by an ICE supervisor. They will not be acceptable. Similarly, although people have to open the door when ICE comes to your house with a warrant signed by a Judge, persons may refuse opening the door when an administrative warrant signed by an ICE supervisor is presented.) This includes when persons are going to and from courts, as well. Thus, people should not fear going to New York State courts simply because they lack immigration status or have an order of removal from the Immigration Court.

Latest Updates

To Our Valued Clients

We appreciate your business and your patience through these difficult times of the Coronavirus. On Friday March 20, 2020, the Governor of New York has issued a state-wide stay at home order. Therefore, our offices are CLOSED to in-person clients until there is further notice. We will continue to check phone messages and return calls as well as emails. Please make sure you leave a message that includes your current phone number.
Important information below:

  1. ALL NON-DETAINED Immigration Court Cases have been cancelled through April 10th.
  2. ALL deportation reporting to the 9th floor at Federal Plaza is cancelled through April 14th
  3. ALL USCIS interviews have been cancelled through April 1st

This is all the information we have right now.
When we get more information we will update you to the best of our ability.
Please continue to read, listen and watch the local News outlets.
Please be safe and stay healthy. Remember to Wash your hands with soap for at least 20 and stay 6 feet away from people if you leave your homes.
Best wishes.

A Nuestros Valiosos Clientes

Apreciamos su negocio y su paciencia en estos tiempos difíciles del Coronavirus. El viernes 20 de marzo de 2020, el Gobernador de Nueva York emitió una orden de estadía en el hogar en todo el estado. Por lo tanto, nuestras oficinas están CERRADAS para clientes en persona hasta que haya otro aviso. Continuaremos revisando los mensajes telefónicos y devolviendo llamadas y correo electronico. Asegúrese de dejar un mensaje que incluya su número de teléfono actual.
Información importante a continuación:

  1. TODOS NO DETENIDOS Los casos de la corte de inmigración han sido cancelados hasta el 10 de abril.
  2. TODOS los informes de deportación al noveno piso en Federal Plaza se cancelan hasta el 14 de abril
  3. TODAS las entrevistas de USCIS han sido canceladas hasta el 1 de abril

Esta es toda la información que tenemos en este momento.
Cuando obtengamos más información, lo actualizaremos lo mejor que podamos.
Continúe leyendo, escuchando y mirando los medios locales de noticias. Por favor, esté seguro y manténgase saludable.
Recuerde lavarse las manos con jabón durante al menos 20 y mantenerse a 6 pies de distancia de las personas si sale de su casa.
Mis mejores deseos.

Law Office of Eric Horn in the News

Judge clears release of LI immigrant detained after stop for broken headlight

CENTRAL ISLIP, Long Island (WABC) — An undocumented immigrant jailed and separated from his wife and two children for several months will be reunited with his family after a judge agreed to release him on bail. [Read more…]

Los recientes fallos de la Corte Suprema va resultar en que muchos inmigrantes puedan impugnar sus órdenes de deportación / remoción.

El 21 de junio del 2018, la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos emitió una decisión que permitirá a muchos, si no a la mayoría de los inmigrantes que recibieron órdenes de deportación (expulsión) por parte de la Corte de Inmigración, solicitar la reapertura de sus órdenes de deportación y procedimientos ante el corte terminado.

Durante los últimos 21 años, cada persona que ha sido llevada a un procedimiento ante la Corte de Inmigración ha sido procesada al recibir un documento llamado “Aviso para Aparecer”. (Anteriormente, el documento se llamaba “Orden de Mostrar Causa”). El Aviso para Aparecer (y la orden de Mostrar Causa) es el documento que entrega el Departamento de Seguridad Nacional al inmigrante que indicará por qué la persona debe ser removida. del país. Alegará, por ejemplo, el país de origen, que la persona no está presente legalmente en los Estados Unidos, si la persona ingresó con una visa o sin inspección, y con frecuencia la fecha de entrada de la persona en los Estados Unidos. [Read more…]

Recent Supreme Court Ruling Will Result in Many Immigrants Being Able to Challenge Their Orders of Deportation/Removal

On June 21, 2018, the Supreme Court of the United States issued a decision that will allow many, if not most immigrants who were issued (deportation) removal orders by the Immigration Court to apply to have their removal orders reopened and to have proceedings before the court terminated.

For the past 21 years, every person who has been placed into proceedings before the Immigration Court has been placed into proceedings by being served a paper called a “Notice to Appear.”  (Previously the document was called an “Order to Show Cause.”)   The Notice to Appear (and the Order to Show Cause beforehand) is the document served by the Department of Homeland Security on the immigrant that will state why the person should be removed from the country.  It will allege, for example, the country of origin, that the person is not lawfully present in the United States, if the person entered with a visa or without inspection, and often the date of the person’s entry into the United States.   [Read more…]

Noticias Importantes Sobre Casos Administrativamente Cerrados Ante La Corte De Inmigración

El Jueves, el Fiscal General anunció que todos los procedimientos ante la Corte de Inmigración que fueron cerrados administrativamente pueden ser reabiertos por el inmigrante indocumentado o por el Departamento de Seguridad. Esto es muy significativo. Si su caso fue cerrado administrativamente, el Departamento de Seguridad Nacional puede solicitar que su caso sea restaurado ante el Juez de Inmigración. Es recomendable que hable con su abogado de inmigración o con un abogado como yo, que se especializa en la defensa de deportación o personas bajo procedimientos en la corte de Inmigración.

El escenario más probable es que los casos que se restaurarán en el calendario sean los que se cerraron administrativamente después del 20 de noviembre de 2014, aunque en teoría pueden ser casos que se cerraron en cualquier momento. El Departamento de Seguridad no ha anunciado si buscarán restaurar casos administrativamente cerrados en el calendario judicial o cuándo lo harian. Dicho esto, usted querrá hablar con un abogado de inmigración como yo si la corte de Inmigración o la Junta de Apelaciones de Inmigración cerraron administrativamente sus procedimientos.

Important News About Cases Administratively Closed Before the Immigration Court

On Thursday, the Attorney General announced that all proceedings before the Immigration Court that were administratively closed can be put back on the Immigration Court’s calendar by either the undocumented immigrant or by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This is very significant. If your case was administratively closed DHS can request that your case is restored before the Immigration Judge. Thus, you need to be aware that DHS can send notice of your future court appointment to the attorney who represented you before the Court, whenever that was.

The most likely scenario is those cases that will be restored to the calendar are those that were administratively closed after November 20, 2014, though theoretically, it can be cases that were closed at any time. DHS has not announced if and when they are going to seek to restore administratively closed cases to the court calendar. That said, you will want to speak to an immigration attorney such as myself if you had proceedings administratively closed by the Immigration Court or the Board of Immigration Appeals.

DACA – Interview with Eric Horn

This is a segment done last night on News 12 that features me being interviewed about the current state of DACA. If your work permit (pursuant to DACA) expired you should file for a new permit now. If your current work permit pursuant to DACA is still valid, you should renew the application five months before the work permit expires.